“Freedom in Black and White: The Politics of Slavery and Black Expatriation in 19th-Century America,” 10/21 Colloquium with KICD Postdoc Andy Hammann


Incoming Postdoctoral Fellow in Political History Andy Hammann will introduce Kinder Institute friends and colleagues to his research with an October 21 Colloquium Series presentation on the extensive, falsely premised, and intensely overlooked history of the mainstream 19th-century political movement for Black expatriation. The talk will be held at 3:30pm in Jesse Hall 410.


For roughly eighty years, from 1816 to 1896, many of the United States’ most powerful and influential statesmen—Thomas Jefferson, Francis Scott Key, Henry Clay, and Abraham Lincoln, to name a few—repeatedly tried to convince the federal government to make Black expatriation a national project. During the pre-1865 debate over slavery and the post-1865 debate over racial equality, these politicians argued this project’s importance by insisting that centuries of enslavement had made it impossible for Black and white Americans to coexist peacefully and prosperously on American soil. In unpacking this extensive, largely untold story, the Kinder Institute’s Andy Hammann will show how a mainstream nineteenth-century political movement propagated the false premise that racial separation was natural, necessary, and patriotic.

Andy Hammann received his B.A. in History from Yale University and his M.B.A. from the Wharton School at University of Pennsylvania. He worked in consulting, investment banking, and private equity, and then taught at Lick-Wilmerding High School in San Francisco, before completing his Ph.D. in History from Stanford in 2017, where he has since served in various research and teaching positions. His first monograph, Freedom in Black and White: The Politics of Black Expatriation in Nineteenth Century America, is currently under review with University of Virginia Press, and he has an article under review with American Nineteenth Century History on “The Problem of Antislavery and Proslavery.” Dr. Hammann has taught a wide range of classes focused on race, slavery, and the mid-19th-century United States, including “Black Activists and the Fight Against Slavery,” “The Civil War and Reconstruction Eras,” and “The Rhetoric of American Memory,” and his book reviews have appeared in major journals, including Journal of the Civil War Era, American Journal of Legal History, and Journal of the Early Republic.